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Week 1:

  • Prune fruit trees and fruit bearing shrubs to shape and to encourage fruit set.
  • If snow cover is gone, lightly rake lawn to prevent snow mold.
  • Dormant oil can be sprayed in temperatures over 40 degrees for insect control.
  • Check stored fertilizers and pesticides, noting expiration dates and planning future purchases.
  • Spray dormant oil for leaf spot and birch bore.

Week 2:

  • Prune severely damaged plants. Ornamental grasses must be cut to the ground to allow for new growth.
  • Check winter covering; be careful not to remove too soon.
  • Check trees and shrubs for rodent damage.
  • As weather permits, take samples of soil for testing. 

Week 3:

  • Start spring clean-up activities, i.e. remove accumulated leaves, debris, etc.
  • Purchase new tools.
  • Check lawn for thatch build-up. Thatch is dead surface roots, which often grow as a result of not watering deeply.
  • Fertilize trees, evergreens and shrubs, temperature and soil permitting.

Week 4:

  • Weather permitting, remove rose covers, leaving soil mounded around new plants.
  • Many varieties of summer bulbs can be potted now for earlier flowering.
  • Make herbicide applications to ponds for weed control.
  • As soon as soil moisture allows, transplanting of dormant trees and shrubs can be undertaken. 


Weather permitting, lawn fertilizer and pre-emergent weed killer can be applied. For best results at a great price, ask your DJFLCI rep for a quote on this and other maintenance services.